Well, halkan waxa aanu, dhowaanin NAB Show! Once again, I will be present, representing Broadcast Beat Magazine, Sida aan ku dhex Show Floor dhexsocoto, maxaa yeelay, waxa aan ka arki kartaa oo dhan wax soo saarka cusub iyo tabo cusub in industry ee studio (warbaahinta iyo post-soo-saarka).
Xataa iyada oo faraxsan oo dhan in Show ku keentaa, weligiis la yaabanahay waxa "NAB" ama kii "National Association of warbaahinta"Tahay? Ka sokow iyagoo Junuudda heshiiska ugu weyn ee warshadaha studio on Earth this, NAB waa hay'ad weyn oo dhib badan, oo ka kooban ururada warbaahinta, koobay telefishanka iyo raadiyaha, iyo hadda internet iyo qaab kasta oo kale ee la isugu gudbiyo warbaahinta, iyo sidoo kale kale oo dhan warshadaha in iyaga taageeraan.
NAB waxaa kala weji duwan maalmahan, gacmo ka waxbarashada, cilmi baarista iyo ikhtiraaca farsamada (NAB Shaybaarka) si ay u doodid (ama sharci-dejinta iyo arrimaha sharciyeed) kordhin, ka Standards Dejinta (iyo Code Television ka aka "Khatimidii The of Practice Good") si aad u Broadcast System The Emergency (EBS), ka dhacdooyinka online in siminaaro iyo shirar iyo wax kasta oo-u dhexeeya. Just galaya ay website aad qarqinayo sida badan waxay ku xiran yihiin iyo inta ay socday.
WOW! I know, right? You are in as much awe as I am, whenever I contemplate the far reach of NAB. But how did it all begin? What are the humble beginnings of NAB and how did they get to where they are today? Read on, and I hope to answer those and other questions you may have about this organization so integral to the broadcast and studio industry.
The National Association of Broadcasters is almost as old as broadcasting, itself. Founded in 1922 by Eugene F. McDonald, Aasaasaha of the gebogabeeyey Corporation, NAB is a private trade association established for the purpose of serving the common needs of the broadcasting industry. It was organized primarily to establish codes of ethics within the broadcast industry by creating guidelines for self-regulation (originally it was known as the National Association of Radio Broadcasters; it changed its name to the National Association of Radio and Television Broadcasters in 1951, when it absorbed the Television Broadcasters Association; it again changed its name to the National Association of Broadcasters in 1958).
The government was not having any of this “self-regulation” and so it got into the act itself. Xeerka Isgaarsiinta ee 1934 became the first comprehensive legislation to regulate communication (both wire and wireless). Broadcasting was considered interstate commerce, for which Congress had the authority to control under the U.S. Constitution (Article I, Section 8), and broadcast messages were granted First Amendment protection. Broadcasting was recognized as a unique form of communication that would require a different regulatory framework than that of common carriers such as telephony and telegraphy. All of this was then packaged with the philosophy that the broadcast media should serve the public interest, convenience, and necessity. The 1934 act created the FCC, Kaas oo lagu eedeeyay in la hubiyo in warbaahinta u dhaqmeen ee xiisaha, sahlo, iyo dadwaynuhu u baahanyahay.
On May 1, 1955, xubin ka mid ah NARB 1,234 AM (Ilodanimada isbedbeddelka) saldhigyada, 327 FM (isbedbeddelka inta jeer) saldhigyada iyo 3 shabakadaha radio qaranka, Columbia Broadcasting System, Mutual Broadcasting System, iyo National Broadcasting Co., Inc. Dhinaca telefishanka , Ururka Qaranka ee Radio iyo Television warbaahinta lahaa telefishannada 267 sida xubnaha iyo dhamaan shabakadaha telefishanka qaranka 4, American Broadcasting Co., Columbia Broadcasting System, Dumont Television Network iyo Broadcasting Qaranka Co., Inc. (Source: Guddiga Senate on the Garsoorka, Hoosaadka in Baaritaan caruurta dibjirnimada, Television iyo Caruurta dibjirnimada, Warbixinta ku meel gaarka ah, 1955, Print Guddiga).
Ka dib markii ay formation, Ururka Qaranka ee warbaahinta soo bandhigay Code Radio a in 1929 oo markii danbe, sida technology dalbaday, Code Television ah 1952 (in uu buugga, Leo Bogart arkay in baahinta Television dheereeyaa horumariyo ay marti-gelisay oo ka mid ah shabakadaha radio waaweyn kuwaas oo maalgashaday malaayiin doolar in ... [ee] ganacsi (Bogart, The Age of Television, P. 9, 1956)).
However, both codes were discontinued in 1982 following an antitrust suit initiated by the Department of Justice that was designed to address advertising rate setting, determining a violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act (15 U.S.C. § 1 (1976)). Broadcasting companies were neither forced to belong to NAB nor follow the codes it established, despite these being recognized as XCHARXstandards of good practiceXCHARX by the FCC, which also did not establish public rules in areas covered by the codes.
NAB "aado fiidmeerta" dadweynaha, macno ahaan isku dayaya si ay u ilaaliyaan baahinta heerarka iyo ilaalinta wax kasta oo broadcasting on an even keel. Over the years, NAB has been involved in numerous lawsuits, usually appearing as amicus curiae, or “a friend of the court” as having a strong interest in or views on the subject matter of an action, but not an official party to the action. Their views have helped shape the legal landscape in regards to the entire industry (which encompasses broadcast, post-production multimedia iyo isgaarsiinta hardware, software, iyo adeegyada).
Marka laga soo tago ololaynaya oo keeni tallaabooyinka sharciga, NAB bixisaa xubnaha ay la faa'iidooyinka kale, oo ay ku jiraan maktabad cilmi oo ay ku jiraan in ka badan toban kun oo muda, shaqaalaha ah oo ay ku jiraan khubaro sayniska iyo tiknoolajiyadda iyo cilmi-baarista iyo qorsheynta, iyo warside bil kasta in xubnaha (NAB Adduunka), Iyo sidoo kale publications todobaadle ah RadioWeek iyo TV Maanta.
In addition, NAB started NAB Education Foundation, so that it could educate citizens in the United States about the principles of free speech and other topics concerning the industry. The foundation conducts research and education activities on issues such as first amendment rights relating to program content, editorial opinions, and commercial speech. And let us not forget the aforementioned yearly conventions, which draw over 100,000 professionals and are the leading source of information, networking and technological showcases in the United States!
YouXCHARXll find the main headquarters of NAB (where else?) in Washington D.C., where it continues its ever-vigilant watch over the airwaves and leads the march for fairness within the broadcasting industry. As of November 1, 2009, the president and CEO of NAB is Gordon Smith H., A Senator hore ee United States ka Oregon.
NAB is the premier advocacy association for America’s broadcasters, and we have a long history of advancing radio and television interests in Washington,” said NAB President and CEO Gordon H. Smith. Our mission has been and remains to support broadcaster’s ability to serve local communities, strengthen their businesses and seize new opportunities. Through NAB Show iyo dadaallada kale, sida NAB Shaybaarka, waxaan kor u abuurnimo, sidaas dhiiri mustaqbal wanaagsan for warshadaha.
Faahfaahin intaas ka badan oo ku saabsan NAB adigoo booqanaya website: www.nab.org.
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